Top-down Or Bottom-up Development In Living Systems?
The theory of evolution postulates that random mutations and natural selection can increase genetic information over successive generations. The information system locally requires the free energies of the molecular machinery to be raised in order for the information to be stored. Consequently, the fundamental laws of thermodynamics show that entropy reduction which can occur naturally in non-isolated systems is not a sufficient argument to explain the origin of either biological machinery or genetic information that is inextricably intertwined with it.
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